Socrates, as represented in plato's early dialogues, held that virtue is a sort of knowledge (the knowledge of good and evil) that is required to reach the ultimate good, or eudaimonia, which is what all human desires and actions aim to achieve. Flag 1 like like see review mar 16, 2008 tracey rated it it was amazing an extremely interesting lecture series on the history of moral thought and the major ethical philosophers of history. 1 preliminaries if ethics is widely regarded as the most accessible branch of philosophy, it is so because many of its presuppositions are self-evident or trivial truths: all human actions, for example, serve some end or purpose whether they are right or wrong depends on an actor's overall aims.
Ethics: guided by society, series of systematic beliefs conscience is the thoughts about one's beliefs and actions this person's teachings set the foundation for organized thinking about ethics confucious. Socrates, who once observed that the unexamined life is not worth living, must be regarded as one of the greatest teachers of ethics yet, unlike other figures of comparable importance, such as the buddha or confucius, he did not tell his audience how they should live what socrates taught was a method of inquiry. The peripatetic school was a school of philosophy in ancient greece its teachings derived from its founder, aristotle (384-322 bc), and peripatetic is an adjective ascribed to his followers the school dates from around 335 bc when aristotle began teaching in the lyceum. Masters of greek thought: plato, socrates, and aristotle, a 36-lecture course taught by professor bartlett, provides you with a detailed analysis of the golden age of athenian philosophy and the philosophical consequences that occurred when socrates—followed first by his student plato and then by plato's own student aristotle—permanently.
Most psychologists and researchers agree that ethics can be taught, as did socrates some 2,500 years ago, which is because ethics requires knowing what a person should do, and that knowledge can be shared when it comes to moral development in human beings, the harvard psychologist lawrence kohlberg. Socrates (c 469 - 399 bc) was a hugely important greek philosopher from the classical period (often known as the socratic period in his honor) unlike most of the pre-socratic philosophers who came before him, who were much more interested in establishing how the world works, socrates was more concerned with how people should behave, and so was perhaps the first major philosopher of ethics. Socrates, an athenian citizen proud of his devotion to athens, lived his adult life there engaging in open philosophical discussion and debate on fundamental questions of ethics, politics, religion and education. Colotes criticizes socrates' statement in the phaedrus (230a) that he does not know himself (plutarch, against colotes 21 1119b), and philodemus attacks socrates' argument in the protagoras (319d) that virtue cannot be taught (rhetoric i 261, 8ff.
Virtue is knowledge is an extraordinary accomplishment: suffused with insight, gracefully written, and powerfully argued it will challenge much of the received wisdom about the meaning of the socratic 'paradox' and set down important signposts for students of socrates who wish to understand the full dimensions of his defense of philosophy and its significance for moral and political life. Socrates (469/470-399 bce) was a greek philosopher and is considered the father of western philosophy plato was his most famous student and would teach aristotle who would then tutor alexander the great.
Ethics, also called moral philosophy, the discipline concerned with what is morally good and bad, right and wrong the term is also applied to any system or theory of moral values or principles. Socrates (/ ˈ s ɒ k r ə t iː z / ancient greek: σωκρᾰ́της, translit sōkrátēs, [sɔːkrátɛːs] c 470 - 399 bc) was a classical greek philosopher credited as one of the founders of western philosophy, and as being the first moral philosopher, of the western ethical tradition of thought. Philosophy 302: ethics the ethics of socrates abstract: the ethics of socrates is briefly outlined socrates' life (469-399 bc): several features of socrates' life give insight into his ethics as a young man in battle, he distinguished himself for bravery several times.
Socrates and aristotle are both ancient philosophers in their work they both taught on the idea of ethics and virtues they believed in virtues but their understanding of what is means to be virtuous were different (lutz, 1998) this is why their teaching on virtue as well as their lives and. It encompasses many aspects of socrates' lifestyle, beliefs and teaching and ethics after all, he has taught and inspired a new generation of philosophers and leaders who played a great role in shaping the academic heritage and history of modern civilization. Socrates stressed this, as do many of the great religions skepticism about god tends to correlate with pride, while true wisdom recognizes its limits, and is open to truth outside its limited perceptions. Thus the development of personal ethics is a matter of mastering what he called the art of measurement, correcting the distortions that skew one's analyses of benefit and cost.
History of ethics ethics is the branch of philosophy that examines right and wrong moral behavior, moral concepts (such as justice, virtue, duty) and moral language various ethical theories pose various answers to the question what is the greatest good. While moral theory does not invent morality, or even reflection on it, it does try to bring systematic thinking to bear on the phenomenon ancient moral theory, however, does not attempt to be a comprehensive account of all the phenomena that fall under the heading of morality. Socrates' position was clear: ethics consists of knowing what we ought to do, and such knowledge can be taught most psychologists today would agree with socrates in an overview of contemporary research in the field of moral development, psychologist james rest summarized the major findings as follows.