Locke versus hobbes by [email protected] locke and hobbes were both social contract theorists, and both natural law theorists (natural law in the sense of saint thomas aquinas, not natural law in the sense of newton), but there the resemblance ends. Thomas hobbes and john locke for hobbes, the state of nature is a very bleak, dreary place he believed that people in this state were not guided by reason, but instead were guided by our innate primal, animalistic instincts. Locke property locke's property locke was born in 1632, when king charles 1 was in his throne what we learn about locke is his ideas about religion, natural law, social contract, etc but he was also a doctor and a revolutionist. This essay analyzes what locke found wrong in hobbes's account, what rousseau found objectionable in locke's theory and the problems that remain in rousseau's social contract whether or not the notion of government by social contract makes sense is explained, as well as the best social contract that could be achieved. Hobbes and locke were not the first to use the social contract model as a tool to explain the foundations of human society earlier exponents of the theory can be traced much further back in history.
A comparison of hobbes and locke on natural law and social contract iv dean allen steele, bs report presented to the faculty of the graduate school of. Research the positions of thomas hobbes and john locke on social contract theory once you have finished analyzing the sources and your notes, write a short (two- to three-paragraph) reflective essay comparing and contrasting the social contract theories of the two philosophers. Locke used the claim that men are naturally free and equal as part of the justification for understanding legitimate political government as the result of a social contract where people in the state of nature conditionally transfer some of their rights to the government in order to better ensure the stable, comfortable enjoyment of their lives. In studying the influence of the social contract theory on the american nation historians and philosophers always mention the names of two philosophers, john locke and thomas hobbes the two philosophers had divergent viewpoints about people, freedom and politics.
Essay on the social contract theory: hobbes, locke & rousseau meet and satisfy the social and economic needs of the public men such as thomas hobbes, john locke & jean-jacques rousseau were prominent proponents of this theory. Hobbes is famous for his early and elaborate development of what has come to be known as social contract theory, the method of justifying political principles or arrangements by appeal to the agreement that would be made among suitably situated rational, free, and equal persons. Thomas hobbes and john locke are two political philosophers their theories were about the formation of the society and what the social contract means contrary to hobbes, locke says that humans know what is right and wrong.
Locke's view of social contract is fundamentally different from that of hobbes-his view is not as well defined locke believes a social contract is an agreement made between citizens who institute a government to prevent people from occasionally violating the natural laws. Hobbes attempts to describe an account of what the society would look like without the social contract according to hobbes, the state of nature would be brutal, and men would live in the constant fear and danger of violent deaths (hobbes, 2008. Locke made it clear that the social contract later on contributed to the governmental control the governmental contract was made by the society when it established a government and selected a ruler to remove the inconveniences of ill-condition. Locke's theory of the social contract is quite pleasant than hobbes' theory of social contract locke's idea of an appropriate government as well as the relationship between the government and the people is too more reliable with a social contract theory as compare to hobbes.
Hobbes theory of social contract supports absolute sovereign without giving any value to individuals, while locke and rousseau supports individual than the state or the government 4 to hobbes, the sovereign and the government are identical but rousseau makes a distinction between the two. Fashioned by such extended periods of social and political turbulence, both hobbes and locke present a pre-political, pre-social scenario in order to justify social contract as a rational mean to bring political stability. Locke's political theory was founded on social contract theory unlike thomas hobbes , locke believed that human nature is characterised by reason and tolerance like hobbes, locke believed that human nature allowed people to be selfish.
An outline of thomas hobbes' social contract this essay an outline of thomas hobbes' social contract and other 64,000+ term papers, college essay examples and free essays are available now on reviewessayscom. Locke believed that man was a social animal by nature while hobbes believed that man was not a social animal and that society would not exist were it not for the power of the state locke, on the other hand, said the state exists to preserve the natural rights of its citizens. The social contract theory has three main stages of progression, namely- state of nature, contract or covenant and civil society these three stages provide the basic differences between the theories of thomas hobbes, john locke, and jean-jacques rousseau. This theory makes hobbes the originator of the modern social contract theory (deutsch, p 238) locke, however, views man in a nicer light by countering that since we are governed by natural laws that come from a creator, then there also follows that there are rights that come from this being as well.
The first modern philosopher to articulate a detailed contract theory was thomas hobbes (1588-1679) according to hobbes, the lives of individuals in the state of nature were solitary, poor, nasty, brutish and short, a state in which self-interest and the absence of rights and contracts prevented the social, or society. The 17th century english philosopher thomas hobbes is now widely regarded as one of the most extraordinary political philosophers, whose political masterpiece leviathan rivals in significance the political writings of plato, aristotle, locke, and kant all in which weвђ™ve discussed in class. Thomas hobbes' theory of the social contract is that a government should have complete discretion over the limitations of men's rights, while locke's theory is that a social contract is necessary, but the rights limited should be solely for the protection of property.